General Information, Farming and Vineyard Cultivation, the Artist César Manrique, Timanfaya Mountains, Climate and Temperatures


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Lanzarote InformationThe Canarian Archipelago consists of 7 main and 6 smaller islands, and covers an area of 7500 square kilometres, roughly 500 km from east to west and 200 km from north to south. Lanzarote, which ist furthest to the north-east, and is only 140 km away from the coast of Africa, has a surface measurement of 845,5 sq. km, and is the fourth largest island with about 60 km length and max. 34 km width.

Lanzarote is the most individual and most mysterious of the Canary Islands, it appears strange, almost bizarre with its moon-like volcanic landscape. There are few green areas, hardly any trees, many reddish-brown lava masses and fields of sharp black lava rock. In such a landscape there are few places where man has been able to create a living space for himself as well as cultivate his food.

Lanzarote mysterious Landscape
View to the mounbtain "Montaña Colorada" in Masdache


Lanzarote has about 142.000 inhabitants (2014), where alredy about 56,000 people life in the capital Arrecife. Each year, Lanzarote is been visted by more than 2,5 millions of tourists. The island of Lanzarote is extending between 29° 25' - 28° 50' north latitude and 13° 52' - 13° 20' west longitude. In the south of Lanzarote in about 12 km distance there is located the island of Fuerteventura and in the north with only 1 km distance is the "Chinijo-Archipel" (name for the group of islands) with the islands of La Graciosa, Montaña Clara, Alegranza, Roque del Oeste and Roque del Este. All theses little islands as well as La Graciosa are nature reserve.

The capital of Lanzarote is the city Arrecife, the language on Lanzarote is spanish. Lanzarote belongs to the spanish province "Las Palmas". Currancy is the Euro (€). Lanzarote is divided in seven municipal districts ("municipios"): Arrecife, Teguise, Haría, San Bartolomé, Tías, Tinajo and Yaiza.

Playa de Papagayo - Playa Mujeres
View to the natural sandy beach "Playa Mujeres" - a beach of the "Playas de Papagayo" (Playa Blanca)



 

Farming and Vineyard Cultivation
The famous Road "La Geria" - Vineyards of Lanzarote

One of the best and famous product of Lanzarote is the island wine. Different bodegas and winemakers can be found on the "La Geria" - the road through the black lava landscape near Timanfaya Mountains, where the best wine grows. But it is all hand work: The farmers have to till the soil between the lava flows and cultivate by hand. The advantage of the fine lava stones (picon = lava ash), is that the humidity that falls at night filters through and enables good crops to grow. The picon is about one meter thick on the topsoil. Heavy lava stone walls are necessary arround the vines to protect them from the prevailing wind, which will blow away the ash and dry out the plants. These vineyards are a feature of the island and well worth seeing.

Specially recommended is the road La Geria - the wine area of Lanzarote with its famous landscape between Yaiza and Tinajo.

Large onions are also grown on the fields of Lanzarote - more in the north of the island, as well as juicy, sun-ripened tomatoes, garlic and other vegetables, like the typical small canarian potatoes, also known as 'papas' and 'papas arrugadas' - which means in salt water boiled potatoes with wrinkles and covered with sea salt. Very delicious is the "batata" - a sweet potato which looks sometimes like sugar beet. The batata fits perfect to spicy red sauce (red mojo) and fish or to vegatables. This friut grows in the north of Lanzarote - in sandy earth.

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La Geria Vineyards of Lanzarote

Parque Nacional de Timanfaya - Timanfaya National Park

Lanzarote was shaped by continuously powerful huge volcanic eruptions which took place in the 18h century. From 1730 to 1736 fire, lava and rocks were spewed forth almost continuously over 6 years long. After those eruptions the lava mass covered a third of the island. Whole villages disappeared and much fertile land was buried under several metres of lava and ash. The lava fields today look like the disaster has happened some months ago - specially in the south, along the roeds to El Golfo and beside the roads to the Timanfaya Natioanl Park as well as along the road from Yaiza to Playa Blanca.

Las Montañas del Fuego - the Fire Mountains of Lanzarote as they are today have been created at that time during six years of eruption. More than 30 volcanoes were formed in an area of 50 sq. km. In 1974 this area was declared as National Park (Parque Nacional de Timanfaya).

A visit to this park is a must for every visitor on Lanzarote. One comes into contact with the primeval forces of nature and with fire from the depths of the earth. lt seems as if the eruptions have been happned only a few months ago and time on Lanzarote has stood still. The tourist center is designed by César Manrique and it provides a coffee bar, a restaurant and sightseeing terraces. The bus trip is included in the visitors price. More information here.

Timanfaya National Park
View to the Timanfaya National Park in the south of Lanzarote


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César Manrique - Architect and Artist of Lanzarote

Cesar Manrique Portraitlt is impossible to talk about traditional architecture on Lanzarote, without mentioning César Manrique. This artist was responsible for a number of buildings, which integrate perfectly with the unique natural features of the island. He was the one who fighted against the political class and against real estate speculation to prevent the island from hight buildings (hotel skyscraper) at beaches and coasts of Lanzarote - with success. We are very thankful to this powerful and now famous artist and architect!

César Manrique also created many art works, pictures, sculptures, as well as a beautiful gardens and tourist attractions on Lanzarote and other Canarian Islands. There is a must for you as visitor of Lanzarote to see the "César Manrique Foundation" and his house built in lava caves of the black lava eruptions near Tahiche as well as the exhibition of his art work there in the gallery. Follow the link and you will learn more about this famous and unique artist on Lanzarote.

 

The Climate of Lanzarote --> Be very careful with Sunbathing

SunbathingThe climate is dominated by the position of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic and by the trade winds and the warm Canarian current. In times gone by, the islands were known as the Fortunate Isles, or the Islands of Eternal Spring. Thus, as a rule, the average temperature on Lanzarote, throughout the year is 20 degrees centigrade. Temperatures during the year you find here.

The Sun. No one should underestimate the strength of the sun. lt is recommended that visitors wear a sun hat and use a high factor sun cream, specially at midday, when the heat is most intense.

Do not be mistaken into thinking that the cooling wind you may feel on your skin means that there is no danger of sun burn. Ultra-Violet rays can penetrate through clouds and through light clothing. So, whatever you do, avoid going straight down to the beaches and roasting there!


Lanzarote Sunset


Editorial team Lanzarote-virtual.com
Text/Fotos © LanzaRed S.L.

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Temperatures over the Year on Lanzarote

Monat | Month | Mes
Luft | Air | Aire
Meer
Ocean | Mar
Temperaturen
Temperatures | Temperaturas
Celsius
maximal
Celsius
minimal
Celsius
Ø
Januar | January | Enero
20
13
19
Februar | February | Febrero
21
13
18
März | March | Marzo
23,5
14
18
April | April | Avril
24,5
15
18
Mai | May | Mayo
25
16
19
Juni | June | Junio
26
18
20
Juli | July | Julio
29
22
21
August | August | Agosto
30
24
22
September | September | Septiembre
30
24
23
Oktober | October | Octubre
28
21
23
Novemver | November | Noviembre
22
16
20
Dezember | December | Deciembre
21
15
20
 
 
 
 

The temperatures listed in the table do not take into account spontaneously occurring heat waves and other weather changes that are not normal. During heat waves, temperatures may go ever in the area of 38-45 degrees. Higher temperatures also occur during for Lanzarote typical Calima Weather (desert climate with fine yellow sand dust in the air) - then it is also very dry and hot. Please observe the current weather forecasts for the Canarian Islands and Lanzarote.

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